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Lin Boqu:The founding ceremony of the host P.R.C

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In 1886, Lin Boqu was born in an ordinary rural family in Liangshuijing village, Xiumei town, Anfu (today’s Linli county), Hunan province.

 

In 1902, Lin Boqu was enrolled by Hunan West Road Normal School.

 

In the spring of 1904, after examination, Lin Boqu was sent to study in Hirofumi College in Tokyo, Japan at state expense.

 

In August 190, Lin Boqu joined Tung Meng Hui (the Chinese Revolutionary League) in Tokyo, Japan.

 

In November 1905, the Japanese Ministry of Education promulgated The Rules to Ban Foreign Students from the Qing Dynasty and South Korea. Lin Boqu was extremely indignant about this Rule and he returned China resolutely.

 

After returning back to China in the spring of 1906, Lin Boqu served as a teacher in Changsha Zhenchu School and West Road Public School for about one year.

 

In 1907, Lin Boqu was order to contact Greenwood Army in three northeastern provinces in China, and engaged in secrete actions against the government of Qing dynasty. After the failure of Huanghuagang Uprising, he returned Hunan to join the anti-Yuan Shikai’s independence campaign. Later because he was listed as wanted by Yuan Shikai, he fled to Japan in May 1913 and joined the Chinese Revolutionary Party reorganized by Sun Yat-sen. After being ordered to return China, he successively acted as a secretary of Hunan Province Department and director of general affairs, director-general of the Department of Government Affairs, etc…

 

In 1917, Duan Qirui illegally dissolved the parliament. Lin Boqu participated into the Campaign Protecting the Constitution, serving as a staff officer of the Headquarters of Hunan Law Protection Army.

 

In 1920, Lin Boqu served as a staff officer for Sun Yat-sen’s Generalissimo of the Military Government.

 

In 1921, Lin Boqu joined Shanghai Communist Group through the introduction of Li Dazhao and Chen Duxiu. He continued to work in Kuomintang, and played an important role in helping Sun Yat-sen to reorganize the entire activities of Kuomintang. He successively served as the Executive Member of the Central Executive Committee, Minister of Agriculture, and the Secretary General of the Military Commission of the National Government. When launching and leading peasant movements, he conscientiously implemented the policy of assisting peasants and workers promulgated by Sun Yat-sen, engaged in the comrades with experience in peasant movement and deep understanding of peasant issues, strived for the support and cooperation of the Kuomintang Leftist, and organically unified the leadership of Kuomintang and the Communist Party regarding peasant movement, and made outstanding contributions to promote the development of peasant movement at that time.

 

On March 20, 1926, Chiang Kai-shek plotted the Zhongshan Warship Incident. Lin Boqu served as the Party Representative and Political Director of the Sixth Army.

 

On July 15, 1927, The Government of the Republic of China was restructured by merging Nanjing government and Wuhan government, Lin Boqu participated in the Nanchang Uprising. After the failure of this uprising, he was sent by the Party Central Committee to study at Moscow Sun Yat-sen University.

 

In the winter of 1933, Lin Boqu returned China from Vladivostok. In March 1934, he entered the Central Soviet Area in Jiangxi province, and served as the Minister of National Economy in the Soviet Central Government. Later, he served the Minister of Finance, director of the Council of Agriculture, and Minister of Supply. During this period, Lin Boqu focused on the development of agriculture, carried out a wide range of grain saving and reserve, which consequently guaranteed the grain supply for the Red Army and the people in the Soviet areas. In order to solve the financial difficulties in the Soviet areas, on the one hand, he set up Confiscation and Expropriation Bureau to raise funds and borrow money from landlords and rich peasants. On the other hand, he appropriately increased the issuance of notes, helped all institutions to establish and perfect financial system, and carried out conservation campaigns. All these resulted in a basic guarantee of the financial needs for revolutionary wars.

 

After joining the Long March and arriving in Northern Shaanxi, Lin Boqu first served as the Minister of Finance of the Central Government, and then the Chairman of the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region Government. In extremely difficult conditions, he led the soldiers and civilians in the border region to actively implement the Ten Policies of the Central Government, established “Triangular Organization” Regime, implemented “Better Troops and Simpler Administration”, carried out “Production Campaign” in the border region, developed economy and culture, and built the border region as a Model Anti-Japanese Base.

 

In August 1937, the CPC Central Committee held a meeting in Luochuan, Lin Boqu was dispatched to station permanently in Xi'an, serving as the Party Representative of the Eighth Route Army of Xi'an Office. Relying on his wide social connections and social influence of his distinguished reputation, he extensively unified the anti-Japanese people from all walks of life, and made significant contributions to the promotion of the second KMT-CPC cooperation.

 

In September 1944, Lin Boqu proposed at the National Political Council to abolish the Kuomintang dictatorship, hold a meeting of all parties, and set up a democratic coalition government, which got the overwhelming response from the democratic parties, democratic personages and all sectors of the society. From then on, the democratic movement in the Kuomintang ruled areas began to develop towards a clear political goal, and new upsurges occurred one by one.

 

In April 1945, Li Boqu was elected as a member of the Central Political Bureau in the first Plenary Session of the 7th CPC Central Committee.

 

In the winter of 1948, on December 12, Lin Boqu left Yan’an and arrived to Xibaipo, the seat of the CPC Central Committee.

 

From September 21 to 30, 1949, Lin Boqu attended the first plenary session of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference, and made a report on the preparatory work of the New Political Consultative Conference. He was elected as a member of the first session of the CPPCC National Committee and the Central People’s Government Committee. He spared no efforts in the preparation for the new Political Consultative Conference and the establishment of a new China. Although he was 63 years old at that time, he still worked very hard, sometime working continuously for twenty hours. In order to encourage himself, he wrote down “Serve the people, Work for the world” (which is ten characters in Chinese) in his diary and solemnly put on his seal.

 

After the founding of the People’s Republic of China, Lin Boqu was elected as the Secretary-General of the Central People’s Government Committee at the first meeting of the Central People’s Government Committee.

 

At 3 pm on October 1, 1949, Lin Boqu presided over the founding ceremony of the People’s Republic of China on the Tiananmen Gatetower. He stood together with Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi, Zhu De and other Party and state leaders, leading the people of the whole country to carry out various great struggles. His contributions to the construction of the political power and the United Front work are particularly significant.

 

In September 1954, he was elected as the Vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress at the first session of the National People’s Congress. From May to June in the following year, he first paid an inspection visit to Hunan province, and then to many units successively in Yiyang, Changde, Linli and other places. He talked with the cadres at grass-roots level and got a large number of rich, vivid first-hand information, and thus obtained the right to speak. His work style of in-depth and practical investigation and study as well the problems found and proposed in the investigation effectively promoted the work of local government of Hunan province.

 

In September 1956, he continued to be elected as a member of the Central Committee and a member of the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee on the first Plenary Session of the 8th CPC Central Committee. During the three years from 1957 to 1959, he paid inspection visits to Guangdong, Zhejiang, Shanghai, Nanjing, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Liaoning, Ningxia, Hubei, Guangxi, Fujian, Jiangxi, Hunan and other places successively.

 

Lin Boqu was elected as the Vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress at the second session of the National People’s Congress held in 1959. Although he was 70 years old at that time, he still worked very hard and spared no efforts for the cause of socialist modernization of our country.

 

In July 1959, when participating in Lushan Conference, Lin Boqu wrote such outlines for his speech as, “Our deficiency is the neglect of objective law and integrated balance. Part of the reasons for our deficiency is the difficulties inevitable in the process of development, and part of the reasons is our mistakes, for example, “Blowing of Communist Wind” and “Everything seems to be doubled”, which has divorced us from the people”. On July 13, he wrote a poem headed “Inspired by the scene of Mount Lu”, including such a verse as “Objective law could not be ignored, because the masses have given their own conclusion”.

 

In August 1959, Lin Boqu led a delegation to visit Mongolia.

 

In May 1960, his condition got worse. Under the persuasion of everyone, he went to Beijing Hospital for treatment, and passed away in this hospital on May 29 the same year at the age of 74. 



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